Transplants: Summit for the Heart

It was a meeting of a rather special elite. Eleven of the 16 surgeons who have performed heart transplants gathered last week in Cape Town to consider what they had done, what they should do, and how they could do better. Why Cape Town? Explained Brooklyn's Dr. Adrian Kantrowitz: "Chris Barnard has been doing it better than all of us—that's why we are here." Barnard's aura was rivaled by the authority of Houston's Dr. Denton Cooley, who has three surviving patients, including one who is going back to work.

When Is Death? One...

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