Roman Catholics: Changing the Old Guard

Three months after being elected Pope, Paul VI announced that he intended to modernize his Curia, the Vatican's 1,000-man bureaucracy, by bringing in younger clerics, including many more non-Italians. Last week the Pope took a major step toward that goal when he accepted the resignations of two venerable members of Rome's Old Guard.

The more notable retiree is Alfredo Cardinal Ottaviani, 77, the near-blind head of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, the church's chief agency for rooting out heresy. Although a kindly man in person, Ottaviani was a symbol...

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