Books: Slander of a Dead Man

FRIENDSHIP AND FRATRICIDE: AN ANALYSIS OF WHITTAKER CHAMBERS & ALGER HISS by Meyer A. Zeligs, M.D. 476 pages. Viking. $8.95.

This is not a conventional biography, but something that might be called a "psychograph." Like the recently published study by Sigmund Freud and William Bullitt of President Wilson, it applies psychoanalytic theory to a subject the author did not know, let alone treat.

To a whole new generation, the Hiss-Chambers case is only a dim memory or a hearsay mystery, but it retains its historical significance and fascination. If one assumes that Hiss was guilty, his behavior made perfect sense; by his denial...

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