Religion: Liberating the Greg

For more than four centuries, Rome's Pontifical Gregorian University has been both the pride and the protector of Roman Catholic orthodoxy. Eight of its alumni have become saints. Thirty-three have been beatified. Fifteen have become Pope, from Gregory XV (1621-23) to Paul VI. Every year 30 to 40 of its alumni become bishops. Fully two-thirds of the church's seminary professors of theology have taken some part of their education at the Gregorian.

That success has not been without its costs. When Ignatius Loyola founded the "Greg"* in 1551, he conceived of it as an...

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