Nation: THE CITY: PROBLEMS OF A PROTOTYPE

BEFORE it exploded in the historic race riot of July 1967, few people outside New Jersey knew much about Newark, an old industrial city with a population of 407,000, roughly the same as Kansas City, Mo. Newark is still scarred by the riot, which took 23 lives and caused $10 million in property damage. Parts of its central core look like bombed-out Berlin after the war. Abandoned buildings with shattered windows cast their shadows over littered sidewalks and stripped, rusting autos. Springfield Avenue, the main shopping street of Newark's black ghetto, is now largely boarded up. Increasingly, whites cluster on the...

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