Religion: A Challenge to Infallibility

Since the First Vatican Council of 1870, it has been a dogma of the Roman Catholic Church that the Pope, when he speaks ex cathedra on matters of faith or morals, is infallible. In the most provocative religious book of the year, Infallibility and the Evidence (Templegate; $4.95), a Catholic bishop, the Most Rev. Francis Simons of Indore in India, argues that there is no Scriptural evidence for the doctrine. He suggests that it be abandoned.

Dutch-born Bishop Simons, who has been a missionary in India since 1935, expects that he will be asked to resign his see as a result of...