Painting: Master of Line

"Form," declared Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, "is the foundation and the condition of all things. Smoke itself should be rendered by a line." Fittingly, the exhibit commemorating the centennial of his death, which opens at Harvard's Fogg Museum this week, concentrates on his drawings and water-colors (see color). For it was through the lines of his draftsmanship that Ingres was able to reconcile the stern classical disciplines of the 18th century with 19th century Romantic sensuality.

"Voyez-vous, rnon enfant," he would exhort a student. "Drawing is the first virtue of a painter. It is the foundation, it is everything: a thing...

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