The Congress: Painful Cutting

Economy, the 90th Congress is learning to its embarrassment, is easier to preach than to practice. For nearly a year the recalcitrant lawmakers refused to approve the Administration's income tax surcharge until the President agreed to a $6 billion reduction in spending. Last week, faced with the actual task of trimming that much, they encountered formidable resistance.

The June tax bill demanded that federal agencies hire only three new workers to replace every four who leave Government service until federal manpower is scaled down to the 2,366,000 level of June 30, 1966. The formula is only theoretically simple. The beleaguered...

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