Jews: Holy Nothingness

The God of the Hebrew Bible is depicted as the faithful protector of his chosen people. Yet at least 6,000,000 Jews died at the hands of the Nazis. To believe in the God of the Covenant today, concludes Richard L. Rubenstein, Jews must affirm that their creator "used Adolf Hitler as the rod of his wrath to send his people to the death camps. I find myself utterly incapable of believing this. Even the existentialist leap of faith cannot resurrect this dead God after Auschwitz."

As it happens, Rubenstein, 44, is not a disaffected atheist but an ordained rabbi in...

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