Books: Vengeance v. Vision

YEARS OF WAR, 1941-1945; FROM THE MORGENTHAU DIARIES by John Morton Blum. 526 pages. Houghton Mifflin. $10.

As World War II drew to a close in Europe, men of vengeance and men of vision contemplated the future of Germany. There were those, like Winston Churchill, who saw both the threat of Soviet expansion into war-wasted Western Europe and the need for a revived and economically viable Germany to stand as a buffer before the Commu nist advance. And there were people like Ernest Hemingway, who recommended that all Nazis be castrated.

U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry...

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