The chief of state decided that the past must he wiped out. He ordered all philosophical books burned, except for one copy to be preserved in the state library. Many scholars were denounced as economically useless. By contrast, the masses of disciplined peasants and workers were exalted. The state took over control of religion. When intellectuals protested, thousands were condemned to forced labor.

A partial account of Mao Tse-tung's Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution? Not at all. The Chinese ruler who acted thus was called Shih Huang Ti, the Emperor famed for constructing the Great...

Want the full story?

Subscribe Now


Get TIME the way you want it

  • One Week Digital Pass — $4.99
  • Monthly Pay-As-You-Go DIGITAL ACCESS$2.99
  • One Year ALL ACCESSJust $30!   Best Deal!
    Print Magazine + Digital Edition + Subscriber-only Content on

Learn more about the benefits of being a TIME subscriber

If you are already a subscriber sign up — registration is free!