Ivory Coast: Le Plan in Africa

At a 1957 meeting of African political leaders, Ghana's Kwame Nkrumah chided the Ivory Coast's Felix Houphouet-Boigny for being "pro-colonialist." Retorted Houphouet-Boigny: "We will meet again in ten years, and then we will see which of us has done better for his country." They did not need to wait a decade to know the answer. Today, Nkrumah is in exile, Ghana is practically bankrupt—and the Ivory Coast is Black Africa's most flourishing young country.

French Advice. The former colony did not achieve full independence from France until 1960. Even after that, the pocket-sized nation (pop. 3,800,000) welcomed French investment, and...

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