Prisons: Judges v. Jailers

As Convict William Howard, 39, tells it, he asked the chaplain at Virginia State Prison back in 1962 if he and any of his fellow prisoners who were Black Muslims could hold their own religious services. Howard's request was bucked up to Prison Superintendent W. K. Cunningham Jr., who responded by demanding the names of the other Black Muslims. When Howard refused to give them, he was packed off to the maximum-security ward, where prisoners get only two meals a day, are not permitted to work or earn money, are deprived of...

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