Integration: Separation Means Unequal

The Federal Government has new, convincing statistical proof that the nation's public schools are still segregated —and that the result is inequality of educational opportunity for Negro children. The evidence comes from a new Office of Education survey, 18 months in the making, of more than 4,000 elementary and high schools, 60,000 teachers and 645,000 students across the U.S. It shows that 80% of white children in first grade attend schools that are 90% or more white, while 65% of all Negro first-graders attend schools that are nine-tenths Negro.

By almost every standard—teacher training, library facilities, lab courses and classroom...