Dominican Republic: Government by Scalpel

White-suited diplomats filed into Santo Domingo's glittering National Palace. U.S. Vice President Hubert Humphrey arrived on the run, flushed and hurried over an overlong chat with Peace Corps workers. A few moments later, a 21-gun salute pounded out over the Caribbean and rolled across the Santo Domingo coastal plain, signaling to Dominicans the inauguration of the country's first constitutional President since the military toppled Leftist Juan Bosch in 1963. "I have not come here to put on the uniform and boots of Trujillo," President Joaquín Balaguer told his inauguration audience. "I have come to make an attempt —...

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