Reading: Some Johnnies Just Can't

When Johnny can't read — and 15% of the 36 million U.S. elementary-school children are at least two years behind in reading capability — Johnny's parents usually blame the teachers or their techniques. Teachers often snap back that Johnny just won't try. In perhaps 2,000,000 of these cases, researchers are now discovering, neither school nor student is at fault: Johnny can't read because of a neurophysiological disorder, most often called dyslexia.

But he can be helped.

The Symptoms. While precise definitions of dyslexia vary, most experts agree that it appears to be inherited in many cases, but may also be the...

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