Civil Rights: Bending the Guidelines

CIVIL RIGHTS

In January 1966, a dozen years after the U.S. Supreme Court urged "all deliberate speed" in integrating Southern schools, only one of every 13 Negro children in the eleven states of the Old Confederacy was attending a school with white students. This record of non-compliance with the court order is all the more remarkable in view of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, by which the U.S. Office of Education was empowered to withhold federal funds from segregated school districts. Some 1,500 districts in the eleven states did in fact desegregate under this prod. Last week the U.S. Civil Rights Commission...