Books: Before the Scorched Band

THE PROUD TOWER by Barbara W. Tuchman. 528 pages. Macmillan. $7.95.

November 1912. From the pulpit of the cathedral in Basle, France's Jean Jaurès faced 555 fellow Socialists of 23 nations, gathered to demonstrate the supposed unity of the world's workers against war. The tolling of church bells reminded Jaurès of Schiller's Song of the Bells: "I summon the living, I mourn the dead, I break the furnaces." Cried Jaurès: "I call on the living that they may defend themselves from the monster who appears on the horizon. I weep for the countless dead now rotting in the East. I will...

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