British Guiana: Independence Ahead

After 162 years of colonial rule, British Guiana will soon be going its own independent way. In London last week, following 17 days of talks with Guianese leaders, Colonial Secretary Anthony Greenwood announced that the small South American colony will gain its independence on May 26, 1966.

Perched on the continent's northeast shoulder, British Guiana has a lot going for it: major bauxite deposits, rich timberlands, a benign, well-watered climate for rice and sugar cane. Yet until a year ago, it was all London could do to maintain law and order, let alone grant independence. Under rabble-rousing Marxist Premier...