Criminal Justice: The Serviceman's Rights

In the wake of an expanded draft call, thousands of Americans are about to encounter a fact of G.I. life that might flabbergast a veteran of World War II. It is the Uniform Code of Military Justice, which permits U.S. military courts to be reviewed by civilian judges. By virtue of the code, the modern U.S. court-martial gives the accused a fairer shake than he can expect in most U.S. state criminal courts.

Congress enacted the code in 1950 in response to complaints about "drumhead justice" during World War II, when the number...

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