Weather: The Downhill Winds

Although it is surrounded by water, Manhattan Island has always had water problems. In 1664 Peter Stuyvesant surrendered New York (then called Nieuw Amsterdam) to the British partly because of a shortage of potable water. In 1881 a drought forced New York firemen to learn how to extinguish blazes with dynamite instead of water. In 1949 the city declared a Dry Friday, when residents were asked to stay out of their bathtubs and showers and go unshaven to ease a water shortage. Last week, in the midst of the worst drought they...

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