Spain: Steps Forward

In 1956, when Madrid University students called a demonstration march to demand freedom from their state-controlled syndicate, police and Falangist goons beat the marchers senseless, one student was shot, hundreds more arrested, and Franco fired his Education Minister for laxity. Last week the students finally got what they wanted. To end a three-month series of strikes and demonstrations, the regime published a decree allowing them to organize independent student unions of their own. No blood was spilled, and there were no mass arrests. The Falangist press even welcomed the new unions as "something we always wanted and never could...

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