"It is understandable," declared Protestant Theologian Paul Tillich, "that a conference like this meets widespread skepticism, perhaps by some in the conference itself." He challenged both the encyclical and the possibility of realizing its dream of world order.

Tillich pointed out that the ideas behind Pacem in Terris, being strictly Western and Judaeo-Christian, are alien to religious traditions that do not consider the dignity of man as an ultimate value, and should not be forced onto the rest of the world willy-nilly. As for the sweeping condemnation of war, Pacem in Terris, said Tillich, did not consider the problem of resistance to...

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