The Supreme Court: No Hostility to God

I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America and to the republic for which it stands, one nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.

When Congress added the words "under God" to the familiar pledge in 1954, New York State's Education Commissioner James E. 'Allen was legally bound to recommend that schools go along.

There was scarcely a suggestion that to do so would raise a constitutional issue.

After all, U.S. public life is filled with allusions to God—"This nation under God" (Gettysburg Address), "Great God, our...

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