Labor: Sagging Union Shops

Strictly speaking, 6,000 unionized hourly workers at seven Lockheed Aircraft plants were voting last week on a proposed three-year contract granting 28.3¢ in hourly wage increases, along with triple holiday pay and better vacations. But the real issue at stake was the fate of a union shop at Lockheed. The International Association of Machinists had demanded a union shop; a three-man fact-finding board came out for it; President Kennedy supported it. Alone in opposing it was Lockheed Chairman Courtlandt Gross, who insisted that every worker should be able to decide for himself whether he wanted to join the union....

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