U.S. Business: Against the Union Shop

Handsome Courtlandt Gross, 58, chairman of Lockheed Aircraft Corp., is a man of principle, and one of his strongest principles is that every one of his 70,000 workers should feel free to join a union but that none of them should be compelled to do so. Four times in the last decade Lockheed has taken costly strikes rather than bow to the demands of the International Association of Machinists for a "union shop," i.e., compulsory union membership. Last week, still clinging to principle, the nation's largest defense contractor took yet another strike which, for 36 hours, tied up its operations from...

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