World: Anti-Cosmopolitanism

In Soviet Russia, "cosmopolitan" is a dirty word, and it is once again increasingly applied to the Soviet Union's 3,000,000 Jews.

Interest in Israel and loyalty to the "alien" Jewish religion were severely punished by Stalin, who sent hundreds of Jewish artists and intellectuals to jail and killed many others. Under Khrushchev, anti-Semitism seemed to abate. While there are now no Jews in the eleven-member Party Presidium, there are prominent Jewish officers in the army, and many Russian space scientists are Jews. In recent years Khrushchev's regime has permitted limited publication of works by...

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