Peru: Escalation in the Highlands

After three months of fighting in the remote Andean highlands of central Peru, the Communist bands that President Fernando Belaunde Terry once dismissed as a "mere fiction" still operate. They are now a recognized fact of life. The constitutional guarantees suspended two months ago, putting the country under a form of martial law, are still suspended. Last week the Peruvian Congress went a step farther by authorizing military courts to impose the death penalty on captured guerrillas, and voted $7,400,000 to step up an already major operation against what the lawmakers called...

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