Education: Programed Learning

Can machines replace teachers? Probably not. But if they can help teachers to teach, and do it effectively, they may at least help solve the teacher shortage.

The teaching machines' stoutest advocates feel that they can do much more than that. They argue that "programed learning," which is what they feed into teaching machines, can not only improve and speed up teaching, but can greatly increase the pupil's ability to grasp and retain. Programed learning is being tested on thousands of youngsters across the nation. Already it promises the first real innovation in...