Congo: Confederation Hopes

Back from the successful conference of rival Congo political leaders on the island of Madagascar, Albert Kalonji, the boss of South Kasai province, waved his favorite fetish stick and cried: "The crisis is definitely over. Everybody is satisfied." Congo President Joseph Kasavubu staged a military parade and called a national holiday to celebrate. From the cheerful tone taken by the assorted Congolese leaders, peace and maybe even civilization seemed just around the corner.

The conferees at Madagascar (now officially the Malagasy Republic) called for division of the Congo into autonomous states along tribal lines—which was what most Congolese wanted all...

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