Poland: October's Harvest

In his first State of the Union message, President John F. Kennedy singled out Poland for special mention. He suggested that U.S. funds in Poland could be used for "projects of peace that will demonstrate our abiding friendship for and interest in the people of Poland." Among the shackled satellites of Eastern Europe, Poland, which is 98% Roman Catholic, has long been the most restless.

By tradition, Poles are rebellious, individualistic, and Western-minded in culture as in faith. With his courageous defiance of Nikita Khrushchev in 1956, Communist Boss Wladyslaw Gomulka raised...