POPULATION: Growing & Moving

The U.S. Constitution provided for a census every ten years to apportion members of the House of Representatives among the states according to population. Since the founding fathers got the idea, the ten-year nose count has come to govern a whole range of basic decisions—a state's claim on the Federal Government for matching funds, a city's claim on the state for tax revenue, a government's projection of the size of its future public services, and even U.S. business guesses about the size and location of markets. Last week the national dials spun like taxi meters as the preliminary figures...

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