Through days that were by turn foggy, snowy, and brilliantly dressed in fall colors, the 16-car Pat and Dick Nixon 1960 Special poked through the countryside of Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan and Illinois, the land that Nixon called "the gut states."

Aboard the train were Vice President Richard Nixon, his wife, his staff, 100 newsmen and a battery of top-level advisers, including three Eisenhower Cabinet members—Attorney General William Rogers, Interior Secretary Fred Seaton, Health, Education and Welfare Secretary Arthur Flemming.

In the penultimate week of his campaign, Dick Nixon had turned to a...

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