Religion: The Diaspora Age

Historian Arnold Toynbee, in A Study of History, referred to the Jewish religion as a "fossil," and further nettled Jews by blaming the Old Testament's exclusivism for what he views as the evil intolerance of Christianity. In the current number of the journal Issues, published by the anti-Zionist American Council for Judaism, Historian Toynbee changes his tune—or at least transposes it to a different key. Judaism, he now says, is performing a pioneering role in the development of a religion for the Atomic Age.

The existence of the state of Israel, says Toynbee, has profoundly changed the nature of Judaism. Before 1945,...

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