INDIA: The Men in the Khaki

Khaki is the Indian farmer's word for the dusty, brown, bare countryside of northern India—a word that imperial British soldiers long ago adopted to describe the sand-drab color of their field uniforms. Last week, from the tea gardens of the Malabar Coast to the millet patches of the high Himalaya, Indians were discussing the government's new third five-year plan (1961-66), in which highest priority is assigned to agriculture.

The goal is a 33% increase in food production in five years—enough to enable India to feed itself. Western experts think it can be done, but the problem narrows down to the...

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