Dwight Eisenhower said his farewells briskly to the U.S. officials and foreign diplomats who clustered around the ramp at Maryland's Andrews Air Force Base. After 7½ years and 95,000 miles of presidential diplomacy, his leave-takings had become fairly routine. But this time the atmosphere crackled with a historic difference: the President of the U.S. was off on a two-week swing through the Far East with Japan a major stop, and howling, Red-led Japanese mobs were threatening bodily harm if he did not cancel his visit.

The threats were made grimly explicit earlier in...

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