TURKEY: Which Road?

Ismet Inonu, 75, can claim to be the founder of two-party democracy in Turkey. In 1950, as Turkey's Dictator-President, he staged the first fair elections—and lost. Ever since, as leader of the opposition Republicans, the grizzled war hero has been struggling to keep the republic on the trail he blazed.

But it is increasingly apparent that Inonu's way is not the way of Premier Adnan Menderes, who deplores criticism and resents opposition. In recent months, under a repressive press law pushed through by his ruling Democrats, Menderes' government has jailed at least five newsmen, including the country's leading editor. When...

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