CENTRAL AFRICA: Gamble with the Wind

While South Africans jailed and shot blacks last week, the British freed a black who symbolizes demands for Negro self-rule in the shaky Central African Federation to the north. The symbolic figure is Dr. Hastings Banda, 55, fiery, U.S.-educated leader of the Nyasaland African National Congress, who was jailed last year after mass demonstrations much like those now exploding all across South Africa.

It was Britain's able, ambitious Colonial Secretary Iain MacLeod who took the bold gamble. The white Rhodesians who dominate the Central African Federation tried to dissuade him. They pointed out that Banda, self-styled "extremist of the extremists,"...

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