National Affairs: A TEST-BAN PRIMER

Who called the Geneva test-ban conference?

On Aug. 22, 1958 President Eisenhower announced the suspension of U.S. nuclear tests as of Oct. 31, 1958, and invited the U.S.S.R. to a test-ban conference in Geneva.

For what reason?

The Eisenhower Administration conceived a test-ban treaty as a possible step toward controlled general disarmament. In 1955-57, when Russian propagandists were clamoring for a ban, President Eisenhower insisted that he would negotiate one only as a part of a larger package, including a halt in production of nuclear materials for weapons purposes, and other steps toward disarmament.

Why is the U.S. now discussing a ban apart from disarmament?


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