Science: Drowned Cities

The flap-footed, tank-bearing skindivers have opened a new frontier in archaeology. Last week Piero Nicola Gargallo, 30, a skindiving Italian marquis, was telling how he found the ancient Etruscan seaport of Pyrgi. On the Tyrrhenian coast just north of Rome, the city is known from historical records, but only minor traces have been found on dry land.

Local fishermen guided Gargallo to a reef where they sometimes fished up relics for sale to tourists. One mile offshore, he found weed-grown ruins, chunks of cut marble, and "something that looks like a street or a pier stretching along the bottom for about 100...

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