THE CONGRESS: Surprising Defeat

Troubling Dwight Eisenhower and many another American at week's end was a civil rights vote as surprising as it had been dramatic. Climaxing a legislative day that spanned 14 maneuver-packed hours, the Senate, in the minutes after a muggy Washington midnight, agreed to tack on to Part IV the disputed amendment guaranteeing trial by jury to any person charged with criminal contempt.

In achieving the decision, Senate Democratic leadership skillfully gutted the first civil rights bill to approach congressional approval in 82 years. It was a triumph—of a sort—for the strategy laid...

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