The basic issue behind the Senate civil rights debate is the denial of Southern Negroes' right to vote.
How widespread is this denial? How does it operate?
Last week the authoritative Southern Regional Council prepared a preliminary finding based upon a survey of the 1956 election campaigns. A summary:
DENIAL of voting rights to Negroes, though a blot on the South, is by no means as widespread as many Northern civil rights advocates believe. Through Texas, Arkansas and the Border States, Negroes not only register and vote but make such an impact at local-election levels that both parties bid for their support....