"Equal rights for civilized men," was Empire Builder Cecil Rhodes's 19th century formula for peace between black and white in Africa. It promised the black nothing immediately, but gave him a future hope. Now the South Africa where Rhodes made his fortune seeks to deny the blacks even a future claim to equality. To the north, in the lands named for Rhodes, South Africa's course is viewed with foreboding, but Rhodesia's own halfway house is an anxious place. The tendency among the frightened and the angry is to find ingenious definitions of "civilized" to exclude as many blacks...

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