FROM a buried city in the Middle East comes a remarkable and touching series of Scriptural paintings, the world's oldest series of Bible illustrations, now reproduced in color for the first time (see color pages).

The discovery goes back to 1921, when some British soldiers, digging in during a skirmish with Arab tribesmen, found, fragments of old buildings in the Syrian desert sand. Excited archaeologists dug deeper, came upon the Syrian city of Dura-Europos, which in about A.D. 250 had been a garrisoned outpost of the Roman Empire, athwart the main trade route between Antioch and Seleucia. Dura had a large Jewish...

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