ARGENTINA: The Firing Squads

The Argentine uprising (TIME, June 18) was planned as no mere harassment of the government, but an all-out revolution. As President Pedro Aramburu reconstructed it, the plot's recruits came from groups that supported ex-Strongman Juan Perón: labor leaders, diehard Peronista bullyboys, cashiered officials. Communists helped, and Perón sent funds. The uprising failed mainly because the government uncovered enough of it a fortnight ago to panic some hotheads into striking six days early. As a result, the twelve-hour revolt had only a fraction of its plotted impact; e.g., the planned wave of strikes never got started.

The dead seriousness of the...