INDONESIA: Death Before the Verdict

For 15 months Leon Nicolaas Jungschlaeger sat on trial for his life in a steaming Djakarta courtroom, in a case that came to symbolize and then to widen the bitter gulf between the young Republic of Indonesia and its former Dutch masters. As head of Dutch military intelligence in Indonesia, Jungschlaeger had helped put down the bloody 1947-49 rebellion; when he later returned to Indonesia as a private citizen, he was arrested on a charge of subversion. The prosecutor demanded the death penalty, and since the trial violated all the standards of...