Seven years after the gas chambers of Dachau were shut down, Germans and Jews sat down to sign a solemn agreement. By it, West Germany undertook, in the words of Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, to "make moral and material amends" for the "unspeakable crimes committed in the name of the German people."

One morning last week, at Luxembourg's City Hall (the Jews had refused to go to Germany), German State Secretary for Foreign Affairs Walter Hallstein smilingly handed Israeli Foreign Minister Moshe Sharett a golden fountain pen. Sharett bent over the reparations documents, and in the silence the scratch of the...

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