ARGENTINA: A Workers' State

"We are now moving toward a syndicalist state," Juan Perón told trade union leaders after his re-election last November. A month later, without inviting or even informing opposition parties, his government in the remote Chaco territory along the Paraguayan border, 450 miles northwest of Buenos Aires, staged a constituent assembly and swiftly enacted a constitution. Thereupon, Chaco territory became Argentina's 18th province —Presidente Perón Province.

By last week enough information about the new constitution had seeped into Buenos Aires to indicate that the President was in deadly earnest about his syndicalist state. Opening with the words: "This is a workers' state,"...

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