INVESTIGATIONS: Eyewitness to Massacre

In Washington last week, a special House committee resumed the investigation it began last fall into the wartime massacre of more than 4,000 Polish officers in Katyn Forest near Smolensk, Russia (TIME, Nov. 26). The issue: Was Katyn just another Nazi atrocity, or did the Russians do it and then dupe the Western world into blaming the common enemy?

U.S. Army Colonel John H. Van Vliet Jr., who made a forced visit to Katyn as a German prisoner in 1943, testified that, despite his hatred for the Nazis, he formed an immediate "unshakeable...

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