Jaunty and happy, James F. Byrnes stood in the bright southern sunshine outside the Capitol at Columbia and raised his right arm. He swore that he would defend the South Carolina and U.S. Constitutions, that he had not engaged in any duels since Jan. 1, 1881, that he would not engage in any while in office. The cheerful, unsegregated crowd of 65,000 whites and Negroes sent up a roar of applause for South Carolina's new governor.

The Opportunity. Jimmy Byrnes, once a Congressman, a Senator, an "Assistant President," a Supreme Court Justice, was...

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